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twhinet 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

twhinet 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

twhinet 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

twhinet 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

twhinet 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

twhinet 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

main course/staple 主餐 / 主食

  • beef (n.) 牛肉 (補充:牛排 (n.) steak)

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沒有自動替代文字。

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從屬連接詞 II
 
表示「原因、理由」的副詞子句
 
 1. because 因為
 ‧I will do it for you because I love you.
 有關 because 子句,有兩點要注意:
 (1)中文裡我們常說「因為……所以」,但是在英文裡,because 和 so 都是連接詞,
 
   不能同時出現,所以千萬別說 because...so...。
 
 以下這句是錯誤的示範:
 ‧Because I love you, so I will do it for you. (X)
 
 (2)because of 與 because 都表示「因為」,但是 because of 是介係詞片語,
 
  後面要接名詞而非子句。請看以下兩句比較:
 ‧You can not stop working because it is raining.
 ‧You can not stop working because of rain.
 (你不可因為下雨而停工。)
 
 
 2. since 既然
 since 有兩個意思,一是「自從」,是時間副詞子句,一是「既然」,表示原因。
 ‧Since you are sick, you can stay home.
 (既然你病了,你可以留在家裡。)
 請注意以下的區分:
 since 子句敘述說話者與聽話者共知的理由,常放在句首;because 子句敘述聽話者
 未知的理由,常放在句尾。請比較以下兩句:
 ‧I need a rest because I don't feel well.
 (需要休息,因為我覺得不舒服。)
 ‧Since you don't feel well, you may take a rest.
 (既然你覺得不舒服,你可以休息。)
 
 3. as 因為……所以……
 ‧As she is the only child in the family, she enjoys the full measure of love
  and concern from her parents.
 (因為她是獨生女,所以她享有父母完全的關愛。)
 
 再提醒一下,此地不可寫成 as...so...,不過,你可以這樣寫:
 ‧She is the only child in the family, so she enjoys the full measure of love
  and concern from her parents.
 
 4. now that ( = since; as) 既然
 ‧Now that you are a big boy, you must behave better.
 (既然你已是個大孩子了,你得多注意自己的行為舉止。)
 
 5. in that ( = because) 因為
 這是較文言的說法,常出現在正式的句子裡。
 ‧You must apologize, in that you have made groundless accusations against him.
 (你得道歉,因為你對他做了不實的指控。)
 以上表示「原因、理由」的副詞子句常可以化簡為分詞片語,如下例。
 ‧As there was nothing to do, we went home.
  → There being nothing to do, we went home.
 ‧Since the weather was fine, we went out for a walk.
  → The weather being fine, we went out for a walk.
 
表示「目的」的副詞子句
 1. that / so that / in order that 為了;以便
 ‧Could you squeeze in so that we can take one more person?
 (可否請你擠一擠以便我們多載一個人?)
 在此,副詞子句的部份可以改成不定詞。
 ‧You can stand up to / so as to / in order to see better.
 (你可以站起來以便看得清楚些。)
 
 2. lest ( = so that...not) 以免
 ‧Please keep quiet lest we wake up the baby.
 (請安靜,以免吵醒了寶寶。)
 lest 本身即為連接詞,子句內可用 should,意思是「萬一」。
 
 3. for fear that 為了怕
 ‧I proofread very slowly for fear that I miss any mistake.
 (我複閱得很慢,怕會遺漏任何錯誤。)
 for fear that 可用 lest 代替。上句還可用 for fear of 這個介系詞片語來代換,如下:
 ‧I proofread very slowly for fear of missing any mistake.
 
表示「結果」的副詞子句
 1. so...that 非常 / 很……結果
 ‧I was so tired that I went to sleep without having supper.
 (我累到連晚飯都沒吃就睡覺去。)
 ‧He spoke so softly that I couldn't hear him clearly.
 (他說話的聲音很小,我聽不清楚。)
 ‧He is so good a chess player that nobody can beat him.
 (他棋下得超棒,沒人能贏他。)
 
 由這三句可知:
 (1)主要句內的 so 後面可接形容詞 (tired) 或副詞 (softly),亦可接形容詞 + a +
   名詞 (such a good chess player)。
 (2)so 的中文意思是「很;非常」,在此句型中不可以寫成 very,不少人會弄錯。
 
 2. such...that 非常 / 很……結果是
 ‧He is such a good chess player that nobody can beat him so far.
 such...that 與 so...that 用法差別在:
 (1)such 後面接名詞,至於 so 後面接的詞,請看上面 so...that 的句型。
 (2)such 後面的名詞可省略,比如:
  His anger was such that no one dared (to) speak to him.
  (他如此憤怒,所以沒人敢跟他說話。)
 so 後面的形容詞不可省略,比如:
 He was so angry that no one dared (to) speak to him.
 所以不可以這樣寫:
 his anger was so that no one dared to speak to him.
 
 另外,so...that 與 such...that 可以分別寫成 so...as to 和 such...as to,
 此點請參考不定詞部份。下面列出兩個例句:
 ‧How can you be so stupid as to believe his words?
 (你怎麼會笨到相信他的話?)
 ‧His comments were such as to anger everyone at the meeting.
 (他的評論是如此的無禮,觸怒了會議中的每個人。)
 

文章來源 LiveABC

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